What is B1 Visa USA?


Meridean Overseas

Updated On 06 June 2024 & Read Time 14 minutes


Crossing the land of the USA requires you to have a visa, which clearly indicates the purpose of your visit. For instance, a non-immigrant visa is issued for temporary visit to USA or an immigrant visa is issued for a permanent stay.


According to the US Bureau of Consular Affairs, 90841 non-immigrant visas were issued for the B1/B2 visa class in March 2024. With this, you can request entry to the United States from a DHS or CBP inspector at any port of entry for a specified time period.


Talking about non-immigrant visas, a visitor visa serves multiple purposes: business (B1 visa USA), tourism (B2 visa), or a combination of both (B1/B2 visa). Confused? Don’t fret over it right now! Let’s explore these concepts in detail in the blog ahead.

Understanding the B-1 Visa USA

A B1 visa, issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), is a kind of non-immigrant or visitor visa that allows Indian working professionals to travel to the United States for business purposes. Such non-immigrant category visas are widely used for brief visits to the USA.




In order to be eligible for a B-1 visa if you will engage in commercial or professional business activities, comprising:

  • Consult with business associates

  • Travelling on certain dates to attend a scientific, educational, professional, or business convention or conference

  • Settling an estate

  • Negotiating a contract

  • Engaging in short-term training

  • Transiting via the United States: Certain individuals may transit to the United States with a B-1 visa.

  • Deadheading: Some aircrew members can enter the US as deadhead crew with a B-1 visa.


B visas (either B1 or B2) have validity of upto 10 years from the date of issuance. Yet if you are only travelling to the US, you can stay up to 180 days and return again to the country after some time.


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Why choose a B1 Visa?

After getting an idea of a B1 visa, you must consider the prominent reasons why you can choose this visitor visa for business travel to USA.

  • Business consultations: This may include meetings, negotiations, or talks with business associates in the United States.

  • Attending conferences or seminars: This includes professional, educational, scientific, and business conventions.

  • Contract negotiations: A B1 visa is usually the best option if a person requires to sign or negotiate a contract with a US corporation.

  • Professional examination and licensing: Some professionals must visit the United States to take exams or gain licenses that are only available there.

  • Settling an estate: If you are inheriting property or assets in the United States, a B1 visa can enable you to handle legal estate matters.

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Difference Between B1 and Other Visas

Learning a little bit about the B1 visa is not enough; you must get more clarity with some detailed key differences between B1 and other visas.


B1 Visa

B2 Visa

H1B Visa

F1 Visa


Business activities

Tourism, vacation, medical visits

Employment in the speciality occupation

Academic study


Business travellers

Tourists, visitors for medical care

Professionals with job offers

Students admitted to accredited institutions

Allowed Activities

Meetings, conferences, consulting

Tourism, visiting friends/family, medical treatment

Work for sponsoring employer

Full-time study, on-campus work

Duration of Stay

Typically, up to 6 months

Typically, up to 6 months

Initially up to 3 years, extendable

Duration of the academic program

Extension Possible

Yes, under certain conditions

Yes, under certain conditions

Yes, up to a maximum of 6 years

Yes, for academic or practical training

Work Authorization



Yes, with a sponsoring employer

Limited (on-campus, OPT, CPT)

Change of Status

Possible, but limited

Possible, but limited

Possible to other employment visas

Possible to work visas or other statuses


Not applicable

Not applicable

H4 visa for spouse and children

F2 visa for spouse and children

Eligibility Criteria and Requirements

A B1 non-immigrant visa is for business trips to the United States, and you must prove your short visit purpose while applying. You must also prove that you intend to return to India following your visit and that you have a place to live over here that you will not abandon permanently.


In order to get a B1 visitor visa, you must take care of these points to demonstrate that you will be following all the rules. Here are the some documents you must need to apply for a B1 non-immigrant visa: 

  1. Passport valid for 6 months past the date of return

  2. Recent Digital Photo as per Governmental Requirements

  3. National ID Card issued in India

  4. Expired Passport showing past 5 US trip documents (if applicable)

  5. Proof of Funds (for the cost of trip, including travel, accommodation, and living expenses)

  6. Proof of binding ties to India, such as a job, property, or family.

  7. Copy of Visa Interview Appointment Letter

  8. Copy of DS-160 Confirmation Page

  9. Letter of Invitation from the host of your trip (Optional)


Therefore, meeting these criteria and providing the necessary documentation improves your chances of a successful visa application.


Also, read: F1 Visa Slots for Fall Intake USA


Visa Processing Time & Fees

You must know how long it takes to process and receive your B1 visa. As of December 2023, the average wait time (processing time) for most B1 visa interview appointments in India is 163 Calendar Days. 


Presently, the government filing cost for a B1 visa is $185, not including the cost of gathering documents, evidence, or passport photos.


Duration and Extensions

A B1 visa entry to the USA allows a minimum of one month and a maximum of six months of stay. The exact duration varies by visa holder, but you can generally stay over there for up to 6 months.


It's a multiple-entry visa, meaning you can visit the USA more than once, and there’s no time limit on how many times you can visit in a year. It is up to the exact circumstances and discretion of the CBP officers who determine your case each time you get there.


Process of Extending Your Visa

If you want to extend your visa, you must file an extension of stay (EOS) on either Form I-129, Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker, or Form I-539, Application to Extend/Change Nonimmigrant Status. Once reading both the forms thoroughly, you will get an understanding of who can file through which form. 


You may also need to submit Supplemental Information for Application to Extend/Change Nonimmigrant Status (Form I-539 A) or Petition for a CNMI-Only Nonimmigrant Transitional Worker (Form I-129CW). 


If you stay in the United States longer than permitted, you may be prohibited from returning and/or expelled (deported). So, check out the date of your Form I-94, Arrival-Departure Record, to see when your approved stay expires. It is advisable to apply for an extension of your visa before it expires. 


Conditions when you can request to extend your stay

  • Legitimately admitted into the US on a B1 visa

  • B1 visa status remains valid

  • Haven’t committed any crimes that might render you ineligibility

  • Haven’t broken the conditions of your admission

  • Valid Passport and will remain for the duration of your stay


Also, read: L1 Visa vs H1B Visa

Change Your Status

The B1 visitor visa is a temporary visa that does not grant permanent resident status; however, you can change your status from B1 to another type of visa while in the United States if you meet certain requirements. This process entails submitting a change of status application to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS).


In order to change your status from B1, you must consider a few points. 

  1. Purpose of stay: Your reason for staying must correspond to the new visa type. For example, you could apply for a J-1 visa for academic research or an L-1 visa if you have a job offer from a US company.

  2. Timing: You must apply before your current status expires, preferably at least 45 days before, as stated on your I-94.

  3. Eligibility: Not everyone can change their status. Those on the Visa Waiver Program generally cannot, with the exception of marriage to a US citizen.

  4. Status violation: You usually cannot change your status if you breach the terms of your current visa (for example, by working unauthorised hours).

  5. Approval: Meeting all requirements and submitting an application does not guarantee approval; USCIS makes the final decision.


Have difficulties in applying for a B1 visa USA? Connect with the MOEC Application Team for assistance.

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How to Apply (Step-by-Step Process) for B1 Visa?

There are several steps to applying for a B1 visa USA, from processing the application by the US Embassy in India to filing the online Non-Immigrant Application, Form DS-160, to attending your visa interview. Head over to the below steps to complete the online B1 visa application. 

  • Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application, Form DS-160 - You must completely fill out this application form of DS-160, and following that, you must print the application form confirmation page and bring to your interview.

  • Photo - You will be required to upload a photo when filling the form. Your photograph must fulfill the Photograph Requirements.


Also, read: US Student Visa


Schedule & Attending your B1 Visa Interview

You must schedule your visa interview, but with some limited exceptions mentioned below.

If you are age:

Then, an interview is:

13 and younger

Generally not required


Required (some exceptions for renewals)

80 and older

Generally not required

A consular officer will interview you to find out whether you qualify for a B1 visa. To get a visa, you need to prove that you meet the requirements outlined in US immigration law.


The application process includes ink-free, digital fingerprint scans, which are typically taken at an appointment at the Visa Application Centre (V.A.C.).


Following your interview at the US Embassy, the consular officer may decide that your application requires further administrative processing. If this is required, the consular officer will notify you. Once approved, you may be required to pay the fee and make arrangements for the return of the passport and visa to you.


Also, read: 5 Tips to Crack Your US Visa like a Pro

Tips to Get Approved Your B1 Visa

Now that you have a complete understanding of the B1 Visa, you must also read some tips to get your visa approval successfully. Check out the below points:

  • Strong Ties - You must prove that you will return to India by showing your strong ties by presenting evidence such as proof of property ownership along with proof of business ownership and a recent copy of your federal tax return, etc. 

  • Funds to Cover Your Trip - After getting a B1 visa, you can’t work off in US, so you must have enough money in your bank account to support your expenses during your stay.

  • Documentation to Prove Your Reason to Visit - If you're visiting the United States for a specific reason, bring documentation to prove it. 

  • Explain your Relationship with People in the US - Immigration officers may ask you about your relationships with people residing in USA in order to ensure that you’re not planning to stay permanently over there. 

  • Be Mindful of Content of Your Social Media Profile - Immigration officers have been known to check migrants’ phone or social media accounts sometimes to make sure the information presented to them is consistent.


To conclude, a B1 visa is a non-immigrant type visa for business purposes like conferences, business consultations, or negotiating a contract with a US corporation. To apply for this visitor visa and learn how to fill B1 B2 visa for USA, you must fill out a DS-160 form along with some documentation such as a passport, photo, enough funds to cover your expenses, and proof of binding ties to your home country. 


We hope you enjoyed reading the blog and got complete information regarding the B1 visa. If you need more clarification, contact our expert study abroad education counsellors at Meridean Overseas Education Consultants (MOEC) branch. Our counsellor will provide you with guidance throughout your journey to study abroad. Get help with the application process, SOPs and filing for a visa. Visit us and get one-to-one counselling, or avail yourself of free video counselling via our website. We will be more than happy to help you, so please do not hesitate to contact us at application02@meridean.org or 1800-1230-00011. 

Contact our counselors for application details


Question. Which visa is best for me: B1 or B2?

Answer: B-1 visas are issued for short-term business trips, whereas B-2 visas are issued for tourism purposes such as vacations or family visits.


Question. Who is eligible for a B-1 visa?

Answer: If you want to visit the United States for business purposes, such as attending a conference, you can apply for B1 visa USA. You may need to provide proof that you have ties to your home country and intend to leave the United States.


Question. How long am I allowed to stay in the US on the B-1/B-2 visa?

Answer: When you enter the United States, a customs officer will authorise you to stay for up to 6 months. If you want to stay longer, you may be able to apply for an extension of up to 1 year.


Question. How do I extend my stay on the B1 visa/B2 visa?

Answer: If your permitted stay in the US is about to expire, you may want to extend it, especially since there can be consequences if you stay longer than you were allowed to. If you have a B-1 visa, you can request the extension for up to a year. To do this, you must submit Form I-539 to extend or change your status. You must apply to extend your status at least 45 days prior the expiration of your authorised stay.


Question. Can I work in the US on a B-1 visa?

Answer: No. You may enter the United States for business purposes but cannot work or be employed by a US employer. If you want to work over there for a U.S. employer, you should consider other visa categories, such as the H-1B visa.


Question. How can I renew my B1 visa?

Answer: If you want to renew your B-1 visa, you must go through the original application process. Depending on the US embassy where you apply, you may be able to renew your visa without an interview.


Question. Should I apply for a B-1 visa or an ESTA?

Answer: If you are a citizen of one of the 38 nations in the Visa Waiver Program, you can apply for an ESTA rather than a B1 visa. Both permit you to enter the United States for the same reasons: tourism or business, but you can apply for the ESTA online. Entering the country this way only allows you to stay for maximum of 90 days. However, so if you would like to stay over there for business purposes for longer, the B-1 visitor visa may be an option for you.


Question. Is the B-1 visa an immigrant or non-immigrant visa?

Answer: The B-1 visa is not an immigrant visa, but if your circumstances change, you can transition from a visitor visa to any type of visa you want. 


Question. Do I need a specific amount in my bank account for a travel visa approval?

Answer: No. A common misconception about the travel visa application process is that you should give proof of funds in your bank account. However, financial considerations are part of the B-1 process, and the consular officer may inquire about your ability to support yourself financially during your stay in the United States, there is no minimum amount of funds required. The evaluation of finances will differ from applicant to applicant, depending on a number of other factors. 


Question. What is a B-1 visa for US?

Answer: Indian business travellers to the United States should be classified as B1 visitors. For instance, if you are travelling there to attend scientific, educational, professional, or business conventions, conferences, or seminars, negotiate contracts, or consult with business partners.

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