TOEFL Syllabus 2024: Check Section-wise TOEFL Exam Syllabus Here

Rahul Singha


Updated on Jul 24, 2016 13:33

TOEFL Syllabus 2024: ETS conducts the TOEFL exam for international students to assess their reading, listening, speaking and writing skills in academic and work settings.


The TOEFL exam pattern and syllabus intend to evaluate your diverse skills and determine your English language ability. This comprehensive guide below is all about the complete TOEFL syllabus pdf, covering the exam's writing, reading, listening, and speaking sections.


The TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) exam is a widely recognised English assessment for those who want to study, work or migrate abroad in English-speaking countries like the USA, UK, Canada, etc.


The TOEFL exam is accessible in three formats: TOEFL iBT (Internet-based format), TOEFL at Home (home-based TOEFL test), and TOEFL Test on Paper (held in both the TOEFL test centre and at home). So, today, let’s explore the TOEFL syllabus in detail.




Table Of Content
  1. TOEFL Exam Syllabus 2024

  2. Highlights of TOEFL Exam Pattern and Syllabus 2024

  3. TOEFL Preparation Tips

  4. How do I Start Preparing for TOEFL?

  5. TOEFL Sample Paper

  6. TOEFL Exam Day Tips

  7. FAQs


TOEFL Exam Syllabus 2024

For your convenience, the following is the most recent TOEFL syllabus.


Number of Questions / Duration


TOEFL Reading Section

20 questions

You must read multiple passages and answer 20 questions for the TOEFL Reading section.

35 minutes

TOEFL Listening Section

28 questions

You will be asked questions regarding brief lectures or classroom discussions in the TOEFL Listening test.

36 minutes

TOEFL Speaking Section 

4 tasks

You must speak on a familiar topic and share material you have read and listened to for the TOEFL Speaking Section.

16 minutes

TOEFL Writing Section

2 tasks

You will be asked to read a paragraph, listen to a recording, and type your response for the TOEFL Writing Section.

29 minutes

TOEFL Syllabus: Reading

TOEFL Syllabus 2024: The TOEFL Reading Section typically encompasses a couple of reading passages, each roughly 700 words long, combined with 10 questions. The TOEFL exam's Reading section should take 35 minutes to complete. The total number of accurate comprehension-focused answers is considered to score the TOEFL reading section.


Question type: 2 passages, 10 questions each

Total no. of questions: 20

Total time: 35 minutes


TOEFL Syllabus: Listening

TOEFL Syllabus 2024: The TOEFL Listening Section boasts 3 lectures, a handful with classroom discussion, for each 3 to 5 minutes; 6 questions for every lecture; and 2 conversations every 3 minutes; 5 questions based on every conversation. The Listening stage is expected to require close to 36 minutes to complete.


Question type:

  • 3 Lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words), 6 questions each, Total 18

  • 2 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges), 5 questions each, Total 10


Total no. of questions: 28

Total time: 36 minutes


TOEFL Syllabus: Speaking

TOEFL Syllabus 2024: To get the most optimum band scores in the TOEFL Speaking section, your answers must meet the strict restrictions of the tasks via minimal mistakes or lapses.


The test graders are searching for a lengthy, incredibly comprehensible conversation. The section's scoring is determined by three primary factors: subject development, language usage, delivery, and viz.


Question type:

  • 1 independent task (prep time: 15 - 30 sec; response time: 45 or 60 sec)

  • 3 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (prep time: 15 - 30 sec; response time: 45 or 60 sec)


Total no. of questions: 4

Total time: 16 minutes


TOEFL Syllabus: Writing

TOEFL Syllabus 2024: In the TOEFL Writing section, the two essays should properly handle each topic. The response should be well-organised and developed, with pertinent explanations and extensive support.


On top of that, it is necessary to show proper transition and coherence. If you wish to attain a good writing band score, show syntactic variation and acceptable word choice with small grammatical faults.


Question type:

  • 1 Integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; Listening time: 2 min; writing: 15 min)

  • 1 Writing for an Academic Discussion task (10 minutes)


Total no. of questions: 2

Total time: 30 minutes


Highlights of TOEFL Exam Pattern and Syllabus 2024

TOEFL Exam Pattern and Syllabus PDF: We have included a complete TOEFL exam pattern and syllabus 2024 below for your convenience.


TOEFL Exam Pattern


TOEFL Reading Section

Duration: 35 minutes

Questions 20

Read passages and respond to questions.

TOEFL Listening Section

Duration: 36 minutes

Questions 28

Answer questions about brief lectures or classroom discussions.

TOEFL Speaking Section

Duration: 16 minutes

Questions: 4 tasks

Talk about a familiar topic and discuss material you read and heard.

TOEFL Writing Section

Duration: 29 minutes

Questions: 2 tasks

Read a passage, listen to a recording, and type your response.

State and support an opinion in an online classroom discussion.


Total Duration: 116 minutes



TOEFL Preparation Tips

How to Prepare for TOEFL: When you are preparing for your TOEFL exam, you now have two options: one is self-study, and the other is enrolling into coaching classes. These study approaches have distinct benefits, yet neither is superior.


If money is the most important concern, self-study with TOEFL books and resources may be the preferable alternative. Similarly, if you want expert supervision to guarantee you have an advantage in TOEFL exam preparation, enrolling in a TOEFL coaching facility is the preferable alternative.


Now that you understand, the TOEFL Exam assesses your ability to comprehend English in academic and work settings. Reading, writing, listening, and speaking are the four areas intended to evaluate your abilities.


You should first comprehend the test format, the outcomes, and the scoring method before studying for it. ETS, the organisation that administers the TOEFL exam, also provides free and paid study materials that are freely accessible.


How do I Start Preparing for TOEFL?

Now that you are well aware of self-study or coaching class options for your exam preparation, you have to understand when and how you should start preparing yourself for the TOEFL. Students who intend to prepare through coaching should be aware of the leading TOEFL coaching institutes in India.


TOEFL Sample Paper

Preparing for the TOEFL exam is crucial for success in studying abroad. The test evaluates your English language skills and is divided into four sections. Each section is important, requiring dedicated preparation.


To excel, focus on all sections and use TOEFL 2024 Sample Papers to gauge your progress. These practice tests help you understand your strengths and areas needing improvement. Effective preparation involves dedicating time to each section.


Start with the reading section, enhancing your comprehension skills by practising with diverse texts. The listening section requires practising with various audio materials to understand spoken English. Writing demands honing your essay skills and expressing ideas clearly and coherently. Finally, the speaking section involves practising speaking English fluently and confidently.


After comprehensive preparation, assess your abilities through practice tests. This ensures you're ready for the actual exam. Remember, consistent practice and targeted preparation in each section are key to TOEFL success.


TOEFL Exam Day Tips

We have compiled a list of the top TOEFL exam day recommendations for you to help you perform well. Let’s take a look at them below.

  • Essential Document: Bring a valid and acceptable ID to the test centre. For Indian test takers, a valid passport is the only accepted ID. Ensure the passport is original; photocopies are not permitted. The passport must be currently valid, and expired documents are not acceptable.

  • ID Criteria: The passport should bear your full name exactly as registered for the exam. It must include a recent photo that accurately represents you. Your signature should be present on the passport.

  • Exclusive ID Requirement: No other personal items are allowed inside the test centre. The only exception is your valid ID, which is crucial for entry. The test premises strictly prohibit items like bags, phones, and notes.

  • Thorough Verification: You must understand that your ID may be inspected thoroughly for compliance. Adhering strictly to the specified ID requirements is essential to avoid complications on exam day.

  • Sole Focus on ID and Exam: You should prioritise bringing only the required ID; unnecessary items can distract and cause inconvenience. You must concentrate on your performance rather than managing personal belongings during the test.

  • Arrive Early: You need to plan to arrive at the test centre well in advance to allow time for check-in procedures. Early arrival reduces stress and ensures a smoother start to the exam.

  • Follow Test Center Rules: You must comply with all rules and regulations set by the test centre. Be aware that any deviation from the specified guidelines may lead to negative consequences.

  • Confidence and Focus: You should confidently approach the exam, knowing you have followed all necessary procedures. You are required to maintain focus on the test content without unnecessary distractions.


Therefore, by adhering to these guidelines and being well-prepared, you can enhance your TOEFL exam day experience and perform at your best.



1. How do I start preparing for TOEFL?

To begin your TOEFL exam preparations, familiarise yourself with the test's format and structure. You might begin by evaluating your present English proficiency level in order to identify areas for development and then use preparing resources accordingly. You must create a study plan that includes all four sections: reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Online resources, English language uses, and TOEFL preparation materials should also be used.


2. What is the syllabus for TOEFL?

The TOEFL syllabus is divided into four sections. The reading section focuses on academic passage comprehension, listening for understanding spoken English in various contexts, and writing. Speaking is about expressing ideas and opinions verbally, and writing is about creating well-organised essays.


3. What is the fee for the TOEFL exam in 2024?

The registration fee for the TOEFL exam varies by location. The TOEFL exam costs 16,900 INR in India. Aside from that, you must pay extra for services such as late registration, rescheduling the exam, and score review.


4. Is TOEFL harder than IELTS?

The difficulty of TOEFL versus IELTS is subjective and depends on individual strengths. TOEFL is often considered more academically focused, while IELTS has a more general emphasis. It's recommended to understand the format of both tests and choose based on your preferences and the requirements of the institution you're applying to.


5. Is TOEFL valid for a lifetime?

No, TOEFL scores are usually valid for two years from the date of the test. If your scores are no longer valid for your intended purposes, such as university admission, you may need to retake the exam after this time period. Always check with individual institutions to determine their specific score validity requirements.

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