Education System in Latvia: A Complete Guide

Meridean Overseas
Meridean Overseas

Updated On 25 October 2023 & Read Time 7 minutes



Latvia, a Baltic gem known for its rich history and vibrant culture, boasts an education system that reflects the nation's commitment to intellectual growth and innovation. For many students looking forward to studying there, understanding the education system in Latvia is a major concern.


To answer your concerns and provide you with information, we have developed this comprehensive guide, exploring its structure, academic offerings, and the unique features that set it apart. In this blog, we’ll take a closer look at the education system in Latvia. We will also take a moment to answer the most frequently asked questions on the topic. So, sit back and read the blog until the end because it has a lot in store. Happy reading!   


Sneak Peak into the Education System In Latvia

As a country with a distinctive personality, Latvia welcomes visitors and students with open arms. It allows them to enjoy the place's enthralling history and natural beauty. High in the QS World University Rankings are Latvia's educational institutions. If you are planning to apply to universities in Latvia, we highly commend your decision. Now, let's take a quick look at the country’s education system for you to understand it better.


The education system in Latvia holds unique importance and helps understand the country’s academic structures better. With this in mind, let’s approach and understand the topic better. 

  • Pre-school Education: The first part of the education system in Latvia is preschool education or early childhood education, as it is commonly called. Early childhood education in Latvia emphasises play-based learning and social development. 

  • Basic Education: Basic education is also referred to as compulsory education in Latvia and covers nine years, typically starting at the age of 7 years. The curriculum of basic education includes a diverse range of subjects, fostering a well-rounded education. 

  • Secondary Education: The education system in Latvia is divided into general secondary education and vocational education. General education prepares students for university, while vocational education focuses on practical skills and career readiness.

  • Higher Education: The higher education system in Latvia is further categorised into three major points. Let’s take a look at them. 

    • Universities: Latvia boasts several reputable universities, such as the University of Latvia and Riga Technical University. Programs at these Latvian universities are offered in Latvian and, increasingly, in English to attract international students. 

    • Bologna Process: Latvia follows the Bologna Process, ensuring higher education compatibility and quality across European countries. This system of the Bologna Process includes three cycles: bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

    • Internationalisation: The country of Latvia actively promotes internationalisation, attracting students from various countries from across the globe. The universities also promote active participation in exchange programs and collaboration with international institutions, contributing to a global learning environment worldwide. 


Unique Features of the Latvian Education System

Now that we have an understanding of the education system in Latvia, let us take a dive into the country's scenic beauty and cultural heritage and look at its unique features. Let’s get started then, shall we?

  • Multilingual Education: Latvia's education system emphasises multilingualism, with Latvian, Russian, and English being commonly used languages. This linguistic diversity prepares students for global communication. Also, it allows international students to study at the top universities in the country using English as the medium of communication. 

  • Innovative Teaching Methods: The education system in Latvia promotes modern teaching methods, including project-based learning and technology integration, which are becoming more prevalent. These innovative teaching methods foster critical thinking and problem-solving skills among students, helping them grow their skills. 

  • E-Government in Education: Latvia has embraced e-governance in education, streamlining administrative processes for students and educational institutions. Further, online platforms facilitate communication and provide easy access to educational resources. 


Top Universities for International Students in Latvia

Universities in Latvia are renowned for their encouraging learning environments, high academic standards, contemporary facilities, and multicultural student populations. The top universities in Latvia are mentioned below. Let’s take a look at them.

  • University of Latvia

  • Riga Technical University 

  • Liepaja University 

  • Turiba University 

  • Riga Graduate School of Law

  • Riga Stradins University 

  • Latvia University of Life Sciences 

  • Daugavpils University

  • Art Academy of Latvia

  • Transport and Telecommunication Institute 

  • RISEBA University 

  • Stockholm School of Economics


Top Courses for International Students in Latvia

For those seeking top-notch education in a variety of subjects, Latvia has the best educational options. IT, business, and economics are three of Latvia's most popular academic disciplines. Institutions also offer medical, dental, pharmacy, and nursing courses.

The top courses in Latvia are mentioned below. Let’s check them out.  

  • Business Administration

  • Science

  • Medicine and Healthcare

  • Information Technology

  • Management Studies 

  • Media and Film Studies

  • Engineering 

  • Training and Education.



In conclusion, Latvia is a small but amazing country to kickstart your higher education. Navigating the education system in Latvia unveils a landscape characterised by a commitment to quality, linguistic diversity, and adaptability. While researching about studying in the country and being curious about its education system in Latvia, you can get help from our comprehensive guide and attain knowledge about the top universities and courses there. We wish you luck with your future endeavours.


We hope you enjoyed learning about the education system in Latvia and gained great insights about Latvia education. Still, if you would like to get a deeper understanding or have any questions about how to study in Latvia, we encourage you to speak with our team of expert Latvian country counsellors at any branch of the Meridean Overseas Education Consultants (MOEC).


Visit our website for free online counselling, or contact us at or 1800-1230-00011 for personalised support.



Q1. What languages are commonly used in Latvian education, and is it possible to study in English?

A. In Latvia, education is often conducted in Latvian and may include Russian, reflecting the country's linguistic diversity. However, many universities now offer programs in English to accommodate international students, making it accessible for those who may not be fluent in Latvian or Russian.


Q2. How does the Latvian education system cater to international students?

A. Latvia actively welcomes international students through English-taught programs, exchange opportunities, and a supportive environment. Additionally, universities often have dedicated offices to assist with admissions, visa processes, and integration into Latvian academic life.


Q3. What is the structure of higher education in Latvia, and how does it compare internationally?

A. Higher education in Latvia follows the Bologna Process, comprising bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. This structure ensures compatibility with European education systems, making degrees recognised and transferable across participating countries.


Q4. Are there challenges in the Latvian education system, and how is the government addressing them?

A. Latvia faces demographic challenges, leading to a declining student population. The government is actively working on policy adjustments and outreach programs to address this issue and ensure the continued vitality of the education system.


Q5. How does technology play a role in Latvian education, and what steps are being taken to keep up with advancements?

A. Latvia embraces technology in education, incorporating innovative teaching methods and e-governance. Further, efforts are ongoing to adapt the education system to technological advances, ensuring students are equipped with the skills needed for success in a rapidly evolving world.

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