Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, is a private Ivy League research university. Yale is the third-oldest higher education institution in the United States, having been founded by English Puritans in 1701. The 300-year-old school dates back to the 1640s, when colonial clerics decided to establish a local college in order to perpetuate the European liberal education heritage in the New World. In 1718, the collegiate school was renamed Yale College in honor of Welsh entrepreneur Elihu Yale's donation of books and goods.
Yale Law School, which was founded in 1824, is frequently recognized as one of the best law schools in the country. The law school has a long history of developing and training exceptional jurists, judges, practitioners, and government officials. Yale Literary journal was created in 1836. It is the country's oldest literary review and has been at the forefront of novel approaches to literature studies. Yale became the first university in the United States to grant Doctor of Philosophy degrees in 1861. The undergraduate liberal arts college, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and twelve professional schools are among the University's fourteen constituent schools.
Yale is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU) and is categorized as a "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very High Research Activity" university.  Yale spent $990 million on research and development in 2018, according to the National Science Foundation, putting it in 15th place in the country
67 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 55 members of the National Academy of Medicine, 8 members of the National Academy of Engineering, and 187 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences are among Yale's current staff. The college is the tenth-biggest baccalaureate sources of PhD degree recipients in the United States, and the greatest such source within the Ivy League, after normalizing for institution size.
In 2018, 13,433 full-time and part-time students, including 5,964 undergraduates and 7,469 graduate and professional students, were taught at the university. In addition to the more than 80 undergraduate majors available, the University provides a variety of supplementary programmes designed to provide students with specialized expertise in a variety of fields. Each year, undergraduate students can pick from approximately 2,000 courses. Yale's student body is one of the most varied in the world, with students from all walks of life and backgrounds. In 2018, Yale accepted 2,694 foreign students from 123 countries, accounting for roughly 20.7 percent of all international students. Canada, China, Germany, India, South Korea, and the United Kingdom account for the majority of international students.
61 Nobel laureates, 78 MacArthur Fellows, 247 Rhodes Scholars, 119 Marshall Scholars, 5 Fields Medalists, and 3 Turing Award winners are among the University's famous graduates. Yale University has also been associated with five US presidents, including George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George H.W. Bush, William Howard Taft, and Gerald Ford, as well as 19 US Supreme Court Justices and a number of billionaires. Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Prince Rostislav Romanov, and Prince Akiiki Hosea Nyabongo are among the royals who have attended Yale.