Veterinary Education in India vs in the UK


Meridean Overseas

Updated On 31 March 2023 & Read Time 7 minutes



Veterinary education is one of the most significant disciplines for both animal and human well-being. The veterinary sector in India is rapidly expanding, but the issue remains: how does veterinary education in India compare to that in the United Kingdom? In this blog, we will look at the parallels and variations in veterinary education between the two nations.


The Veterinary Council of India (VCI) regulates the curriculum for veterinary education in India, which is separated into two parts: a Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc. & A.H.) degree and a Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc.) degree. The B.V.Sc. & A.H. degree is a five-year programme that comprises four years of classroom instruction and one year of internship, whereas the M.V.Sc. degree is a two-year programme that emphasises research and advanced veterinary care.


The Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine (BVetMed), Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BSc), and Bachelor of Science in Veterinary Nursing are all available in the United Kingdom (BScVN). The BVetMed and BSc degrees are completed in five years and contain a mix of lectures, practical work, and clinical rotations. The BScVN degree is a three-year programme focusing on nursing and animal care.

Teaching Methodology

In India, veterinary education is mostly taught through traditional classroom lectures and practical demonstrations. To improve the learning experience, several colleges have begun to incorporate case-based learning, problem-based learning, and hands-on training.

Veterinary education in the United Kingdom is mostly practical, with a concentration on clinical rotations and hands-on instruction. Universities give abundant possibilities for students to have hands-on experience with a range of animals and learn directly from seasoned specialists.

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Facilities and Infrastructure

The infrastructure and facilities for veterinary education in India are insufficient. Despite the fact that the government has built multiple veterinary institutions around the country, a shortage of money and resources has resulted in subpar facilities and restricted access to current technologies.


Whereas, Veterinary schools and universities in UK are well-equipped with contemporary facilities such as animal hospitals, diagnostic labs, and research facilities. The facilities are upgraded on a regular basis to ensure that students have access to the most up-to-date technology and equipment.


In India, the veterinary faculty is primarily made up of seasoned experts who have been in practice for a number of years. While they contribute a lot of information and practical expertise to the classroom, research and innovation are underemphasized.


In the United Kingdom, the faculty is made up of experienced professionals who are also involved in research and innovation. This method guarantees that students are exposed to the most recent research and advancements in the subject.


Indian students interested in studying veterinary medicine in the United Kingdom can apply for a variety of scholarships provided by institutions, organisations, and the British government. These scholarships give financial assistance to qualified students, covering tuition, living expenses, and travel expenses. In India, their options are limited.


A veterinary degree from the UK is widely recognised and respected around the world. Students who graduate from UK universities can practice in their home country or pursue further studies in other countries. However, before practising in India, students must obtain a registration certificate from the Veterinary Council of India.

The Status Quo in India

Several students in India study veterinary science in pursuit of a government job rather than working in animal treatment. This method is harmful to animal health in India since the focus of these graduates is on satisfying employment criteria rather than delivering quality veterinarian care. Many veterinary graduates in India wind up working at government-run animal clinics, where they may lack the resources and training needed to provide good care for their pets. Moreover, a lack of resources and knowledge frequently leads to misdiagnosis, ineffective treatment, and disease transmission.


There is a lack of understanding among students and parents about prospective veterinary science employment prospects outside of government professions. In contrast, students in the United Kingdom study veterinary science because they are passionate about animal healthcare and want to make a difference in the lives of animals. The emphasis is on delivering high-quality care and exploring innovative treatments to promote animal health and well-being.


This contrast in approach is evident in the structure of veterinary education in the United Kingdom vs India. Veterinary science is taught in the United Kingdom as a broad-based degree programme that includes all elements of animal health and welfare. Students are exposed to a wide variety of animal species, including household pets, livestock, and wildlife, and they are educated to care for animals of all sizes and forms.


In India, veterinary science is frequently seen as a specialist subject concerned mostly with cattle health and productivity. The programme is designed to prepare graduates for government animal husbandry professions, which frequently entail dealing with animals and poultry. As a result, many veterinary institutions in India do not offer full animal healthcare training, notably for companion animals and wildlife.


In contrast, in the United Kingdom, veterinary education is provided by top-tier universities and institutions such as the Royal Veterinary College (RVC), the University of Edinburgh, the University of Bristol, and the University of Cambridge. These colleges provide a variety of veterinary science undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes, including the Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery (BVMS), Bachelor of Science in Veterinary Nursing, and Master of Science in Veterinary Science.


Animal anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, pathology, surgery, and critical care are all included in the courses offered in the United Kingdom. Students are also given hands-on instruction and clinical experience, which helps them develop the skills needed to identify and treat a wide range of animal health concerns. Additionally, they can specialise in treatments of specific species such as felines and canines.


Scholarships are available for overseas students studying veterinary science in the UK which can cover tuition and living expenses. The RVC, for example, offers academic merit-based scholarships to overseas students, whereas the University of Bristol gives GREAT Scholarships to Indian students.


Graduates from top-ranked colleges such as the RVC and the University of Edinburgh are able to apply for registration with the Veterinary Council of India, and their veterinary degrees are recognised in India. Nevertheless, it is vital to remember that the Indian government's acceptance of a foreign degree is subject to various requirements and laws, which may vary depending on the individual school and programme.


The major advantage of studying veterinary science in India is the low cost of education. There are also government job opportunities available in the field, which can provide job security and stability. Yet, the emphasis on government jobs may be damaging to the health of the country's animals. Indian veterinary students may not have the necessary abilities to successfully diagnose and treat animals due to inadequate exposure to current technology and practices. This can lead to a lack of adequate care and treatment for animals, which can lead to severe health problems and even death.


To summarise, while studying veterinary science in India may be inexpensive, it may not provide exposure to cutting-edge research, technology, and practices. On the other hand, studying veterinary science in the UK provides Indian students with an excellent opportunity to receive comprehensive training in animal healthcare and acquire the skills necessary to positively impact the lives of animals. Whereas veterinary education in India is focused on obtaining government employment, the emphasis in the UK is on providing quality treatment and making a difference in the world of animal healthcare. With scholarships available for Indian students and validation of a foreign degree by the Veterinary Council of India, studying veterinary science in the UK is an ideal alternative for Indian students interested in a career in animal healthcare. As a result, before determining where to pursue their veterinary science degree, students should consider the costs and advantages.


If you are passionate about a career as a veterinarian, get in touch to speak to one of our skilled advisers at a Meridean Overseas Education Consultants (MOEC) location near you. You may also use our website to get free online counselling sessions. You may write to us at or call us at 1800-1230-00011.

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