A Comprehensive Guide to the Canadian GPA System

dummy
Meridean Overseas
Meridean Overseas

Updated On 19 September 2023 & Read Time 6 minutes

1.6k

Overview

Canada consistently ranks as a top study destination for international students due to its exceptional education, high quality of life, friendly locals, and promising job prospects.

 

Yet, have you ever given a thought to Canada’s diverse grading system? It’s a secret to the world-famous Canadian education system.

 

So, when planning to study in Canada, it's crucial to grasp the grading approach employed throughout the country to excel in the universities there.

 

In this regard, this blog will give you insights into the Canadian GPA System, helping you to navigate your academic journey effectively. First, let us begin with what each grade means.

 

What Does Each Grade Mean?

A brief knowledge about grades will be a good catch in understanding the Canadian GPA System later. However, grading practices can differ among universities in Canada.

 

The table below explains general grades and their descriptions.

Grade

Description

A

Excellent

B

Very good

C

Good

D

Average

E/F

Unsatisfactory/Fail

What’s the Canadian GPA System?

Now that you know grades, let us look at the Canadian GPA System. There's no one-size-fits-all grading system. Instead, it varies based on where you are, the university you attend, or the type of education you choose.

 

Grading scales can range from 4.0 to 9.0. Also, different regions and universities in Canada may use a mix of alphabetical grades, numerical scores, and percentages. For example, Alberta and British Columbia faculty members decide if an 'A' equals 4.0 or 4.3. Newfoundland and Labrador have a similar approach.

 

In Saskatchewan, it's simpler with a percentage-based grading system. So, when studying in Canada, be prepared for these variations depending on your location and course/programme.

 

To understand Canada's grading system comprehensively, let's compare the 4.0 and 9.0 grading scales in a single table for clarity.


S.No

Grade Scale for 4.0

Grade Scale for 9.0

Letter Grade

Percentage

GPA

Letter Grade

Percentage

GPA

1.

A+

92-100%

4.3

A+

90-100%

9

2.

A

87-91%

4.0

A

80-89%

8

3.

A-

84-86%

3.6

B+

75-79%

7

4.

B+

81-83%

3.3

B

70-74%

6

5.

B

78-80%

3.0

B-

65-69%

5

6.

B-

75-77%

2.6

C+

60-64%

4

7.

C+

72-74%

2.3

C

55-59%

3

8.

C

69-71%

2.0

C-

50-54%

2

9.

C-

65-68%

1.6

D

40-49%

1

10.

D

55-64%

1.0

F

0-39%

0

11.

F

0-54%

0

 

 

 

GPA, credits, and credit hours

Now that you have a brief idea of Canadian GPA System, you must also understand the concept of credits and credit hours, as these are closely linked to GPA.

 

The country’s grading concepts closely resemble the United States. Each course in a semester has assigned credit hours, rewarding students for successful completion.

 

The cumulative Grade Point Average (GPA) reflects overall academic performance during the term, but it's not a simple average; it's a weighted average based on credit hours.

 

To calculate your GPA, multiply the letter grade by the credit hours. Credit hours are predetermined by faculties and listed in course schedules.

 

Typically, undergraduates aim for around 15 credit hours per semester, while master's students may handle up to 24. Shortfalls in credit hours can often be made up during summer sessions or through independent study.

 

Canadian Grading System for Different Provinces

Now that you have complete knowledge of the Canadian GPA System, you must know each state's unique grading system. So, let’s delve deeper into some instances of grading systems in popular provinces. 

 

Quebec Grading System

Quebec, home to prestigious institutions such as McGill University and Concordia University, has its own grading system.

 

A passing score in Quebec universities is typically set at 60%. A student is considered to have passed if they receive a 'C' grade or higher. The following is an overview of the Quebec grading system.

Grade

Percentage

Description

A+

95-100%

Exceptional

A

90-94%

Outstanding

A-

85-89%

Excellent

B+

80-84%

Very Good

B

75-79%

Good

B-

70-74%

Average

C+

65-69%

Satisfactory

C

60-64%

Pass

C-

55-59%

Acceptable

D

0-54% 

Fail

Alberta Grading System

Alberta boasts several renowned universities in Canada, including the University of Alberta, University of Calgary, University of Lethbridge, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, MacEwan University, and Mount Royal University.

 

These institutions adhere to the grading system described below.

Grade

Percentage

A+

90-100%

A

95-89%

A-

80-84%

B+

77-79%

B

73-76%

B-

70-72%

C+

67-69%

C

63-66%

C-

60-62%

D

55-59%

D

50-54%

F

0-49% 

Saskatchewan Grading System

Saskatchewan hosts a variety of educational institutions, including the University of Saskatchewan, the University of Regina, Saskatchewan Polytechnic, Parkland College, Luther College, and St. Thomas More College.

 

These institutions in Saskatchewan employ a straightforward GPA system, outlined below.

Grade

Percentage

A+

90–100%

A

80–89%

B

70–79%

C

60–69%

D

50–59%

F

0–49%

FAQs

Q.1 What is a 4.0 GPA in Canada?

A. 4.0 GPA is the highest achievable grade point average in Canada. It is equivalent to an "A+" letter grade and denotes extraordinary academic success, indicating that students have consistently obtained the highest grades in their classes.

 

Q.2 What Mark is 70% in Canada?

A. In Canada, a score of 70% is equivalent to a letter grade of "B." However, grading scales differ by province and institution, so it's necessary to double-check your school's grading system to confirm the equivalent letter grade.

 

Q.3 What is the Passing GPA in Canada?

A. The passing GPA in Canada is typically set at 2.0 on a 4.0 scale, corresponding to a grade of "C" or 60-64% in most institutions. However, passing criteria can vary between universities and programs, so it's essential to check the specific requirements of your educational institution.

 

Q.4 Does Canada Accept a Low GPA?

A. A student with a low CGPA may be able to enrol at a Canadian college as a university's admissions requirements include elements other than CGPA.

 

Q.5 What is the Minimum GPA for a Masters in Canada?

A. The minimum GPA requirement for a Master's program in Canada typically varies among universities and programs but generally falls from 3.0 to 3.5 on a 4.0 scale. Therefore, some highly competitive programs may require a higher GPA, so checking specific program admission requirements is essential.

 

Conclusion

To wrap up, the grading system in Canada is diverse and complex, across regions and school levels. Therefore, understanding the Canadian GPA system, credit hours, and distinct provincial grading scales is critical for overseas students seeking academic success in this warm, well-regarded study destination.

 

We hope the blog rendered vital information regarding the Canadian GPA system. However, if you need more information, we encourage you to have a word with our team of expert counsellors at Meridean Overseas Education Consultants (MOEC). If you cannot travel to our offices, we offer online counselling services via our website.m Apart from this, our expert counsellors also offer assistance in the visa process for your successful study abroad journey. Don't hesitate to contact us at application02@meridean.org or call us at 1800-1230-00011.

blog meet

Get the best study abroad guidance

blog meet

Get the best study abroad guidance

Meridean overseas whatsappChat